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Szerző/Author: Orsolya Ring (Centre for Social Sciences, Institute for Political Science, Budapest – Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
E-mail: ring.orsolya@tk.hu
Rövid életrajz/Bio: Orsolya Ring is Research Fellow at the Institute for Political Science, Centre for Social Sciences and Assistant Professor at the Institute of History, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest. Her research interests include the theatre history of the Rákosi and Kádár era, with a special focus on theatre management, the history of the National Theatre, the Katona József Theatre and the Orfeo Ensembles.
How to cite:
Theatron, Vol. 16. No. 4. (2022): 16–27.
Cím/Title (ENG): The Country of Iron and Steel on Stage. Theatres and Political Propaganda in the Rákosi Era

In my study, I examine how theatre appeared in the official propaganda journal of the Rákosi-era, whose declared aim was to support the “cultural revolution”. Through an analysis of the linguistic propaganda devices that appeared in the journal, the focus of my writing is to show the ideological relations that defined not only the official theatre, but also the framework of workers’ or factory theatre. The ideologists and political decision-makers of the period made excellent use of the phenomenon that, in a total dictatorship, artistic works always carried a political message and conveyed values. In this way, theatre was used as a tool of propaganda to influence people’s thinking, emotions, and behaviour.

Keywords: political propaganda, theatre, dictatorship, Rákosi era, workers’ theatre